Sleep Locus Of Control Differences In Undergraduates Sleep Beliefs And Quality


  • David O. Igbokwe Department of Psychology, Baze University, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.
  • Naomi Dike-Israel Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Benedict C. E. Agoha Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Paul D. C ast Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Elizabeth I. Olowokere Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Samuel S. Bawa Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Emmanuel O. Amoo Department of Economics & Development Studies, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.
  • Abel James 8TF DMSH Nigerian Army Kinnasara Barracks Mongunu, Borno State, Nigeria.


Sleep, Locus of Control, Internal – External, Nigerian Undergraduates, Sleep Quality, Sleep beliefs


Sleep locus of control (SLOC) refers to an individual’s attribution of the causes of his or her insomniac experiences to either internal or external causes. To determine the effect of SLOC on sleep beliefs and sleep quality, 406 undergraduate students were randomly selected from two Nigerian universities. The participants consisting of 200 female (49 %) and 206 (51 %) male students aged 15 to 38 years (=20.38, SD=1.51), completed the sleep locus of control   scale, the dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep (DBAS) and the sleep quality scale (SQS). The result of a One-Way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) yielded a statistically significant effect of SLOC on DBAS, F (4, 401) = 7.80, p<= 0.00; Wilks’ Lambda = 0.93, partial η2 =0.07. Statistically significant effects were found for the worry/helplessness, sleep expectation, and medication components of the DBAS.  Only the effect on perceived consciousness F (1, 404) = 0.07, p= 0.79, η2 =0.00, failed to reach significance. A statistically significant effect of SLOC on sleep quality was also observed, F (6, 399) = 4.15, p<= 0.00, Wilks’ Lambda = 0.94, partial η2 =0.06. Only the dependent variables of restoration after sleep and problems initiating sleep components of the sleep quality were statistically significant. This study shows that sleep locus of control has significant effect on both sleep belief and sleep quality of young adults.


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How to Cite

Sleep Locus Of Control Differences In Undergraduates Sleep Beliefs And Quality. (2024). NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 11(1&amp;2), 60-75.

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