Sleep Locus Of Control Differences In Undergraduates Sleep Beliefs And Quality

Authors

  • David O. Igbokwe Department of Psychology, Baze University, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.
  • Naomi Dike-Israel Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Benedict C. E. Agoha Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Paul D. C ast Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Elizabeth I. Olowokere Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Samuel S. Bawa Department of Psychology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
  • Emmanuel O. Amoo Department of Economics & Development Studies, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.
  • Abel James 8TF DMSH Nigerian Army Kinnasara Barracks Mongunu, Borno State, Nigeria.

Keywords:

Sleep, Locus of Control, Internal – External, Nigerian Undergraduates, Sleep Quality, Sleep beliefs

Abstract

Sleep locus of control (SLOC) refers to an individual’s attribution of the causes of his or her insomniac experiences to either internal or external causes. To determine the effect of SLOC on sleep beliefs and sleep quality, 406 undergraduate students were randomly selected from two Nigerian universities. The participants consisting of 200 female (49 %) and 206 (51 %) male students aged 15 to 38 years (=20.38, SD=1.51), completed the sleep locus of control   scale, the dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep (DBAS) and the sleep quality scale (SQS). The result of a One-Way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) yielded a statistically significant effect of SLOC on DBAS, F (4, 401) = 7.80, p<= 0.00; Wilks’ Lambda = 0.93, partial η2 =0.07. Statistically significant effects were found for the worry/helplessness, sleep expectation, and medication components of the DBAS.  Only the effect on perceived consciousness F (1, 404) = 0.07, p= 0.79, η2 =0.00, failed to reach significance. A statistically significant effect of SLOC on sleep quality was also observed, F (6, 399) = 4.15, p<= 0.00, Wilks’ Lambda = 0.94, partial η2 =0.06. Only the dependent variables of restoration after sleep and problems initiating sleep components of the sleep quality were statistically significant. This study shows that sleep locus of control has significant effect on both sleep belief and sleep quality of young adults.

References

Agoha, B. C. E., Abengowe, M., & Igbokwe, D. O. (2018). Sleep pattern and academic performance of undergraduate students. Covenant International Journal of Psychology, 3(1), 41-49.

Beebe, D.W., Rose, D., & Amin, R. (2010). Adolescent Health Brief: Attention, Learning and Arousal of Experimentally Sleep-Restricted Adolescents in a simulated classroom. J Adolesc Health, 47(5), 523-525.

Borbely, A. A., Daan, S., Wirz-Justice, A., & Deboer, T. (2016). The two-process model of sleep regulation: a reappraisal. J Sleep Res, 25(2),131-43.

Buboltz, W.C., Brown, F.C., & Soper, B. (2001). Sleep habits and patterns of college students: a preliminary study. J Am Coll Health, 50 (3), 131–135.

Calamaro, C.J., Mason, T.B., & Ratcliffe, S.J. (2009). Adolescents living the 24/7 lifestyle: effects of caffeine and technology on sleep duration and daytime functioning. Pediatrics, 123(6), 1005-1010.

Carney, C.E., & Edinger, J.D. (2015). Identifying critical beliefs about sleep in primary insomnia. Sleep, 29(3), 342-350.

Chen, M., Wang, E.K., & Jeng, Y. (2006). Adequate sleep among adolescents is positively associated with health status and health-related behaviors. BMC Public Health, 6,59. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-59.

Cvengros, J.A., Crawford, M., Manber, R., & Ong, J.C. (2015). The Relationship between Beliefs about Sleep and Adherence to Behavioral Treatment Combined with Meditation for Insomnia. Behav sleep med,2(13), 52-63.

DeAngelis, R.T., Escobar, I., Ruiz, A.L., & Acevedo, G.A. (2019). Sleep Quality among college students: exploring the role of a divine locus of sleep control. Sleep Health, 5(6), 592-597.

Dewald, J.F., Meijer, A.M., Oort, F.J., Kerkhof, G.A., & Bogels, S.M. (2010). The influence of sleep quality, sleep duration and sleepiness on school performance in children and adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Sleep Med Rev, 14 (3), 179-89.

Dworak, M., Schierl, T., Bruns, T., & Struder, H.K. (2007). Impact of singular excessive computer game and television exposure on sleep patterns and memory performance of school-aged children. Pediatrics, 120(5), 978-985.

Eggermont, S., & Van den Bulck, J. (2006). Nodding off or switching off? The use of popular media as a sleep aid in secondary school children. J Paediatr Child Health, 42(7-8), 428-433.

Ellison, C.G., DeAngelis, R.T., Hill, T.D., & Froese, P. (2019).Sleep quality and the stress-buffering role of religious involvement: a mediated moderation analysis. Journal for the scientific study of religion,58(1),251-268.

Fatima, Y., Doi, S.A.R., Najman, J.M., & Al Mamun, A. (2016). Exploring Gender Difference in Sleep Quality of Young Adults: Findings from a Large Population Study. Clinical Medicine & Research, 14(3-4), 138-144.

Galland, B.C., Gray, A.R., Penno, J., Smith, C., Lobb, C., & Taylor, R.W. (2017). Gender differences in sleep hygiene practices and sleep quality in New Zealand adolescents aged 15 to 17 years. Sleep health, 3(2), 77-83.

Gupta, N.K., Mueller, W.H., Chan, W., & Meininger, J.C. (2002). Is obesity associated with poor sleep quality in adolescents? American journal of human biology, 14(6), 762-768.

Hale, L., & Guan, S. (2015). Screen time and sleep among school-aged children and adolescents: A systematic literature review. Sleep Medicine Review, 21,50-58.

Hantsoo, L., Khou, C.S., White, C.N., & Ong, J.C. (2013). Gender and cognitive-emotional factors as predictors of pre-sleep arousal and trait hyperarousal in insomnia. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 74(4), 283-289.

Higuchi, S., Motonashi, Y., Lui, Y., Ahara, M., & Kaneko, Y. (2003). Effect on VDT tasks with a bright display at night on melatonin, core temperature, heart rate and sleepiness. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(1), 1773-1776.

Hill, D.W., Welch, J.E., & Godfrey, J.A. 3rd. (1996). Influence of locus of control on mood state disturbance after short-term sleep deprivation. Sleep, 19(1),41-46.

Hill, T.D., DeAngelis, R., & Ellison, C.G. (2018). Religious involvement as a social determinant of sleep: an initial review and conceptual model. Sleep Health, 4(4), 325-330.

Hinz, A., Glaesmera. H., Brähler, E., Löffler, M., Engel, C., Enzenbach, C., Hegerl, U., & Sander, C. (2017). Sleep quality in the general population: psychometric properties of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, derived from a German community sample of 9284 people. Sleep medicine, 30, 57-63.

Igbokwe, D.O., & Ola, B.A. (2011). Development and Factorial validation of the Brain Fag Propensity Scale. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry,12(1), 1-13.

Igbokwe, D.O. (2014). Influence of fatigue and sleep beliefs on sleep habits of secondary school students in southwest Nigeria. Unpublished PhD thesis, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Mchall, W.V., Batson, N., Webster, M., Case, L.D., Joshi, I., Derreberry, T., McDonough, A., & Farris, S.R. (2013). Nightmares and dysfunctional beliefs about sleep mediate the effects on insomnia symptoms on suicidal ideation. J Clin Sleep Med, 9(2), 135-140.

Morin, C.M., Stone, J., Trinkle, D., Mercer, J., & Remsberg, S. (1993). Dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep among older adults with and without insomnia complaints. Psychol Aging, 8(3), 463-467.

Morin, C.M., Vallieres, A.D, & Ivers, H. (2006). Dysfuctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS): Validation of a brief version (DBAS-16).Sleep, 30(11) 1547-1554.

Ola, B.A., & Igbokwe, D.O. (2012). Brain fag, sleep and beliefs about sleep among secondary School Students in Nigeria. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 13(2), 165-175.

Ola, B.A., & Igbokwe, D.O. (2011). Factorial validation and reliability analysis of the Brain Fag Syndrome Scale. African Health Sciences, 2, 334–339.

Pensuksan, W.C., Lertmaharit, S., Lohsoonthorn, V., Rattananupong, T., Sonkprasert, T., Gelaye, B., Williams, M. A. (2016). Relationship between Poor Sleep Quality and Psychological Problems among Undergraduate Students in the Southern Thailand. WalailakJ Sci Technol,13 (4), 235–242.

Rotter, J.B. (1982). The development and applications of social learning theory. New York: Praeger.

Sadock, B.J., Sadock, V.A., & Ruiz, P. (2015). Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry. 11th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer press.

Shahid, A., Wikinson, K., Marcu, S., & Shapiro, C.M. (2012). STOP, THAT and One Hundred other Sleep Scales. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Sterling, P., & Eyer, J. (1998). Allostasis: A new paradigm to explain arousal pathology. In S. Fisher & J. Reason (Eds.). Handbook of Life Stress, Cognition and Health. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Tabachnick, B.G., & Fidell, L.S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics. 6th ed. New York: Pearson education Inc.

Tang, J., Liao, Y., Kelly, B.C, Xie, L., Xiang, Y.T., Qi, C., Pan, C., Hao, W., Liu, T., Zhang, F., & Chen, X. (2017). Gender and Regional Differences in Sleep Quality and Insomnia: A General Population-based Study in Hunan Province of China. Scientific reports,7:43690. doi:10.1038/srep43690

Turel, O. & Bechara A. (2017). Effects of motor impulsivity and sleep quality on swearing, interpersonally deviant and disadvantageous behaviors on online social networking sites. Personality and individual differences, 108 (1), 91-97.

Vicent, N., Sande, G., Read, C., & Giannuzzi, T. (2004). Sleep Locus of Control: Report on a new scale. Behavioral Sleep Medicine,2(2), 79-93.

Wolfe, J., Kar, K., Perry, A., Reynolds, C., Gradisar, M., & Short, M.A. (2014). Single night video game use leads to sleep loss and attention deficits in older adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 37, 1003–1009.

Yi, H., Shin, K., & Shin, C. (2006). Development of the Sleep Quality Scale. Journal of sleep Research, 15(3), 309-316.

Downloads

Published

2024-01-17

How to Cite

Sleep Locus Of Control Differences In Undergraduates Sleep Beliefs And Quality. (2024). NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 11(1&amp;2), 60-75. http://nacpjournal.org.ng/index.php/nacp/article/view/14

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)