Demographic Factors and Dental Anxiety as Predictors of Oral Health -Related Quality of Life among Dental Patients in OAUTHC Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Authors

  • Johnson T. Oyeleke Department of Psychology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
  • Atanda O. Akinboye Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry OAUTHC, Ile-Ife
  • Moshood S. Egunjobi Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department, OAUTHC, Ile-Ife
  • Damilola A. Olayinka-Aliu Department of Psychology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye
  • Kolawole K. Busari Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
  • Olaide N. Koleoso Department of Mental Health, UBTH, Benin City
  • Jacob R. Akinniyi Department of Health, Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo

Keywords:

Dental anxiety, Oral health, Quality of life, Illness duration

Abstract

Anxiety as a common neurosis among dental patients has become a worrisome health issue associated with a far-reaching negative implication on general well-being. Therefore, this study investigated Demographic Factors and Dental Anxiety as Predictors of Oral Health-Related Quality of Life among Dental Patients in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital (OAUTH), Ile-Ife. Cross-sectional design was adopted. Data was gathered using self-report questionnaire. Total of 454 dental patients were randomly selected among patients attending dental clinics in OAUTH. One hundred and ninety-eight 198 were males and 256 were females. T-test for independent samples and multiple regressions were used at .05 level of significance. Female participants scored significantly higher on oral quality of life than male participants t(442) = -8.893). Dental patients who are singles scored significantly higher on the measures of oral quality of life t (442) = 11.764). Sex, age, marital status, educational qualification, illness duration and times of been in the hospital jointly predicted physical function domain of oral quality of life (R = .549; R2 =.302; F (7,446) = 27.521). Sex (β = .233); illness duration (β = -.337) and dental anxiety t (442) = -8.582) independently predicted physical function domain of oral quality of life.ender, marital status, illness duration and dental anxiety were important factors in oral health quality of life. It was recommended that psychologists can develop anxiety reducing therapy for the dental patients to reduce the anxiety that arises as a result of poor dental treatment approach

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Published

2022-12-12

How to Cite

Oyeleke, J. T., Akinboye, A. O., Egunjobi, M. S., Olayinka-Aliu, D. A., Busari, K. K., Koleoso, O. N., & Akinniyi, J. R. (2022). Demographic Factors and Dental Anxiety as Predictors of Oral Health -Related Quality of Life among Dental Patients in OAUTHC Ile-Ife, Nigeria. NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 12(1), 84–98. Retrieved from http://nacpjournal.org.ng/index.php/nacp/article/view/32